Sedona Arizona Natural History is a story of rocks. The Four Corners area of the US Southwest, comprised of Arizona, Nevada, Utah and Colorado is home to the Colorado Plateau, a broad, raised area of land that's important to Sedona, Arizona natural history. The famous colorful geological formations that make Sedona, Arizona one of the top vacation destinations in the area, are carved out of the Colorado Plateau, along with its Red Rock Country and the San Francisco Peaks. The southern edge of the Colorado Plateau is called the Mogollon Rim, which defines the edge of the Sedona area along the north and east of town. Red Rock Country extends from the Mogollon Rim to the Verde Valley, and westward to Sycamore Canyon. Red Rock Country is five hundred square miles of canyons, cliffs, and grassy areas, with famous Oak Creek running through, with its snow melt from Flagstaff. It flows through Oak Creek Canyon, which is a major tourist destination in Sedona, not to be missed if you're anywhere in the vicinity. The towns of Page Springs and Cornville exist along Oak Creek, before it empties into the larger Verde River. With the help of receding oceans and erosion, Oak Creek carved out Oak Creek Canyon over a span of millions of years, beginning long before humans ever set foot in the area. The results millions of years of nature's handiwork are visible and stunning for us to see: butties, spires, and Sedona hiking canyons for which the Sedona, Arizona area is known all over the world.
The Geology of Sedona, Arizona
The other significant determiner of geologic formations in the story of Sedona Arizona natural history were lava flows, which started around 15 million years ago. They formed outcroppings and filled fault lines. Today, the major force at work in the canyons and valleys of the Sedona Arizona area is erosion.